The French delegation’s declaration at the International Design Conference in Aspen is evidence of critical developments and profound changes resulting from a new awareness of planetary environmental issues. In fact, during the 60’s, with the strong rupture of May 1968, and like other industrialized countries France witnesses the transformation of its institutions. The milieu of culture and artistic creation (art, design architecture, communication) bring this renewal into play. While CalArts (California) brings innovation to its teaching of the arts and design, in France, the Institute of the Environment is created, seeking to construct new methods for research and multidisciplinary teaching. Witness accounts and archival documents enable us to apprehend the ﬁrst elements of a history which remains to be explored.
Today, environment and ecology are very directly associated and are primordial issues for industry. Designers are confronted with challenges running from sustainable development to greenwashing, the frontiers between which are difﬁcult to deﬁne and constantly require rethinking.